China’s national flag and emblem had been unanimously by the First Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference(CPPCC) held on the eve of the birth of the new China. They were first formally used on October 1, 1949, with the founding of the people’s Republic.
In June of that year, the Standing Committee of the Preparatory Committee for CPPCC had set up a special group to be in charge of proposing a national flag and emblem . The group solicited suggestions from around the country, and in less than a month 4,912 flag designs and 1,120 emblem designs were submitted.
The flag ultimately chosen has five gold stars on a red background. The proportion of its length and its width is 3: 2. The stars are in the upper left-hand corner–a large one, and to its right four smaller ones with one point of each of the four pointing to the corner of the large one.
The red colour stands for the revolution and the gold of the stars for the dawn of a new day over the vast land of China. The five stars symbolize the unity of the entire Chinese people under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party.
The national flag was first raised in Tian’anmen( Gate of Heavenly Peace)Square on October 1, 1949, when the new China was established. The law has specified its shape, design, manufacture, and use.
The national emblem of the people’s Republic of China shows Tian’anmen(Gate of Heavenly Peace) the centre, illuminated by five stars from
the national flag and surrounded by ears of grain and a cogwheel. The cogwheel and ears of grain on the emblem symbolize the working class and the farmers of China. The national emblem thus strikingly manifests the nature of the People’s Republic of China–a socialist state under the people’s democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and farmers.
Flag Designer Commemorated
Shanghai erected a statue of Zeng Liansong曾连松， the designer of the flag of the people’s Republic of China, to mark the 55th anniversary of the new China in 2004. The bronze statue, standing in a cemetery 70 kilometres from the city centre, depicts Zeng Liansong aged 32 with a pen in his right hand and eyes looking into the distance. Wang Zhiqiang, a noted artist with a shanghai-based academy for old painting and sculpture, created the statue. At the time Zeng submitted his design, he was working as a secretary with a local news agency in Shanghai. He responded to an advert in the newspaper calling for suggestions for a national flag, emblem and anthem. Zeng’s five-star flag design stood out among 3,012 entries to become the new China’s national flag.